The hard disk is one of the basic components of any computer. It is the storage space on which data is stored. It is a device that consists of a group of magnetic disks that rotate, and data is read from it by means of an electromagnetic pickup, where it writes on and reads from disks. These disks have types:
SCSI. IDE. SATA.
The hard disk stores data in the form of zero and one, which is the language of bytes in computers, so that the magnetic pickup searches for an empty space in the hard disk and then writes to it, so the data on the hard disk is distributed and does not deal with it and does not understand it as a single block of data. A Word file, for example, divides this file into bytes, and each byte is stored in a single storage space that may be connected behind each other, and it may be separate and scattered, and this is the most likely possibility. The hard disk of a device that contains previously stored data.
How to partition the hard disk: There are several ways to partition, including what is divided during or after formatting the device and downloading a new Windows, including what is done after merging all disks and formatting them completely with what is known as DM, which is an abbreviation for Disk Manger. When evaluating the hard disk, the storage space needed by Windows must be taken into account, and there must be a special disk for it, and accordingly the disks are divided into two types, which are Primary and Logical, where the operating system is in the primary disk and takes storage space from 50 to 60 GB, while the rest of the Logic disks are for the user Partition the space it wants for each disk.
To partition the hard drive without special programs, we do the following steps: We go to the My Computer icon on the desktop (in Windows) or to (This PC) in Windows 8 from browsing files, then click on it with the right mouse button and choose the Manage option. A screen will appear with all the settings and management options for the device, from which we choose Disk Manage, which is at the bottom of the options on the side of the screen.
After choosing Disk Management, it will start loading disk data and several colors will appear for the disks, which are as follows: If the color is black, it means that the space is not partitioned, and the dark blue color means that the disk is basic and contains the operating system, the green color is the extension disk and contains the rest of the remaining space of the disk The primary, and finally the light blue disk is the logical disk space created by the available space. We go to the black part, right-click on it, choose new Partition or new Simple Volume, after which a window will appear with steps to follow.
After we compress next, we choose the basic disk, then next, then we specify the size of this disk in the given space rate. Then a screen will appear to choose the name of the disk, then the disk encoding screen will appear. We choose FAT32, the size of the unit is default, and then Next. A screen will appear with a summary of the previous options we have chosen, click Finish. The device will load for a while until the new disk comes out, and you can repeat the method with all the spaces that appear in black to be partitioned.