Adherence to an appropriate, comprehensive diet for all basic food groups, in addition to regular exercise, is the mainstay of non-drug treatment for diabetes, so it is very important to follow a healthy diet to maintain a normal blood sugar level, and thus prevent complications that the disease may lead to, and in The following is a list of the most important tips that help achieve this:
Consultation with a nutritionist: A diabetic patient is advised to go to a nutritionist after taking the doctor’s advice, in order to build an effective health plan and system, commensurate with his needs.
Follow the diabetes diet: (in English: Diabetes Diet); which are appropriate for each patient’s condition; It is organized by the nutritionist based on the health goals of the diabetic patient. This diet is based on eating three basic meals per day, at regular times and in quantities proportional to the patient’s need and physical activity; This is so that the body can make the best use of the insulin produced or ingested.
Measuring blood sugar after meals: It is worth noting that the patient must measure blood sugar after meals, and link the examination with the meal that precedes it, which helps him to better control blood sugar levels.
Foods recommended for diabetics
The main goal of a diabetic diet is to control blood sugar levels and prevent them from rising, in order to avoid health complications that may occur due to a persistently high blood sugar level, and discovering the best foods that can Eating it when you have diabetes is difficult, but it is generally, but some foods that are useful for both types of diabetes can be stated as follows:
Vegetables and fruits: Diabetics should eat at least five servings of various vegetables and fruits of different colors daily. Here are some examples of fruits and vegetables useful for diabetics:
Leafy vegetables: They are very useful and have a high nutritional value, because they contain small amounts of calories, and small amounts of carbohydrates that cause high blood sugar, and leafy vegetables such as: spinach, turnip, and others are a rich source of several vitamins, the most important of which are Vitamin C. The importance of vitamin C is that it reduces inflammatory indicators in the body, in addition to the fact that leafy vegetables contain the antioxidants lutein and zeaxanthin; Which may have a role in reducing the risk of complications that damage the eyes, such as: macular degeneration or cataracts.
Broccoli: This type of vegetable is considered one of the most nutritious foods, as it is low in calories and carbohydrates, and is rich in vitamin C, magnesium, in addition to many antioxidants that are beneficial for eye health.
Berries: It is rich in antioxidants, which reduces oxidative stress associated with many diseases, and berries of all kinds; Blueberries, raspberries, and others, are rich in nutrients beneficial to health in general; As vitamin C, potassium, and other nutrients.