Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal was born in the year 164 AH in the Iraqi capital: Baghdad, which at that time was the capital of knowledge in the Islamic world, and received knowledge there, and set out from it to other countries to seek knowledge. , until it was narrated that his sheikh al-Shafi’i – may God have mercy on him – said about him: “I left Baghdad and I left no one more pious, or more wise, or more knowledgeable than Ahmad ibn Hanbal.” Seventy seven years old.
Introduction to Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal
He is Abu Abdullah Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Hanbal al-Dhuhli al-Shaybani al-Marwazi al-Baghdadi, one of the most prominent Muslim scholars, and the imam of one of the four schools of jurisprudence, known to him as the Hanbali school. Bin Bashir Al-Wasiti, and that was in the year 179 AH, and he continued to learn at the hands of his sheikh Hashim until he passed away in the year 183 AH.
He continued to seek the noble Prophet’s hadith in Baghdad until 186 AH, after which he traveled from Iraq to the Hijaz and Yemen; To request hadith, by many scholars and hadith scholars until he reached the age of forty, so he classified his Musnad known as Musnad Ahmad. his disciples and followers.
The doctrine of Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal
This is the Hanbali school of thought. In reference to Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal, the fourth Sunni school of jurisprudence, and its origin was in Baghdad, and then spread to other countries, but it did not enjoy spread like the rest of the Sunni schools of jurisprudence. Scholars of the Hanbali school of thought: Ibn Qudamah al-Maqdisi, author of Kitab al-Mughni, Ibn Muflih, author of Kitab al-Furoo’ and others.
The ordeal that Imam Ahmad was subjected to
Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal was subjected to many ordeals, including what was the time of the Caliph al-Ma’mun, which is the ordeal known historically as the plight of the creation of the Holy Qur’an. By creating the Noble Qur’an, and they did not respond to the pressure of the Caliph, and as a result of his position, Imam Ahmad was imprisoned and tortured, and after the death of al-Ma’mun, His brother al-Mu’tasim assumed power, and he continued his brother’s approach in trying to force Imam Ahmad to say that the Qur’an was created. Then Imam Ahmad returned to modernization and teaching